Tips about the untrue present / unlikely future grammar construction

This post is about the grammar construction that is used for the unlikely future and the untrue present. This construction is often known as the "2nd Conditional". An example is:  "If I had a million pounds, I would be able to drink champagne every day."

Tips about speaking and writing about the future

For most informal sentences about the future, we can use the construction [ “am” / “is” / “are” ] + [ “going to” ]. For future meaning in formal language, we avoid “going to”, and “-ing” in general, preferring “will”.